top of page

Mental Health, its Types, Symptoms and Treatment

Mental health is the psychological, emotional and social well-being of a person.

The way a person feels thinks and behaves is affected by it. It also determines how we handle stress and make healthy decisions. Mental health affects the relationships and physical health of a person. Your body's health is mainly dependent on your mental health. Inadequate mental health can destroy the peace of a person and affect a person's routine badly.

Mental health is basically a state of mental well-being that enables people to deal with the stresses of life and realise their abilities. Mental health emphasises that restoring mental health is crucial at a community level and individually.

Mental Health Risk Factors

There is always a risk of mental health disorders, and many people go through it regardless of income and ethnicity. And the primary cause of disability in the UK and most of the world is mental health. Some terrible childhood experiences, unstable financial conditions and biological factors can affect a person's mental health. Good mental health depends on a good environment and on a delicate balance of factors. People having bad mental health have more than one condition at a time.

Mental health can't be treated without the help of a professional, and if someone is not diagnosed with mental health conditions, then that doesn't mean their mental health is so good and flourishing. There are so many risk factors for Mental health. Some of them are given below.

  • Unemployment

  • Financial crisis

  • Homelessness

  • Alcohol or Drug use

  • Family conflicts

  • Disturbing life events

  • Discrimination

  • Genetic predisposition

These are some most crucial risk factors that can cause mental health disorders.

Types of Mental Health

Many types of mental health disorders can cause bad mental health. The five most important types are as follows:

  1. Mood disorders

  2. Anxiety disorder

  3. Psychosis

  4. Depression

  5. Dementia

Mood Disorders

Mood disorder is primarily a mental health condition that affects a person's emotional state. A person experiences a long period of sadness, a long period of happiness or both. Anger and irritability are also a part of this.

The mood change is a regular thing. Symptoms must be present for a more extended period or for a short period for a mood disorder diagnosis. Mood swings are also an example of this. It can affect a person's daily routine and personality.


Some symptoms of mood disorders are given below:

  • Aggression

  • Irritability

  • Disturbance in sleep pattern

  • Sad or anxious mood

  • Appetizers or Weight change

  • Difficulty in concentration


Mood disorders and mood swings can easily be treated or cured by talking or medications. Antidepressants and mood-stabilizing medicines are given to the patient. These help in the treatment of mental health disorders. Talk therapy is also very effective for the cure of mood disorders.

Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety is a normal thing for a person. If it's occasional, but continuous anxiety can destroy mental health. And can also affect the mental health of a person very badly. Anxiety disorder is more than a temporary worry or fear. Anxiety disorder doesn't go anywhere, and it gets worse with time. It affects mental health and can interfere with daily activities. Panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and many phobias are part of it.


Some symptoms of Anxiety disorder are as follows:

  • Chest pain

  • Trembling

  • Sweating

  • Fatigue

  • Racing heart

  • Headache

  • Sleep problems

  • Restless

  • Irritability


Anxiety disorder can be treated with Medications and psychotherapy both. Antidepressants, Beta-blockers and Anti-anxiety medications are given to the patients for treatment. Talking therapy, cognitive behavioural therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy can also cure anxiety disorder.


Psychosis is when someone hears or sees something others can't see. These people lose contact with reality and believe in things that are not real. They see and feel things that other people can not. (Hallucinations). It can damage the brain, and the person starts to lose contact with reality.


Some symptoms of psychosis are as follows:

  • Hallucinations

  • Delusions

  • Confused thoughts

  • Disturbed thoughts

  • Getting away from family

  • Believing in thongs that aren't real


Psychosis can be treated with the help of a psychologist. Antipsychotic medicines are usually recommended for the first stage of psychosis. Neuroleptics are customarily given to patients. These block the effect of dopamine that sends and receives messages from the brain. Self-care is also very important in this case because self-care can also treat psychosis.


One of the most important and common types of mental health disorders is Depression. It is a lack of interest or pleasure in enjoyable activities. Everyone out here knows about depression. It can be caused due to family issues or relationship issues. If not treated, then it can lead to suicidal thoughts, and many patients have committed suicide because of depression. Apart from suicide, it also disturbs normal activities like the sleep cycle or appetite.


Some symptoms of depression are as follows:

  • Constant feelings of sadness, hopelessness and emptiness

  • Frustration

  • Loss of interest in enjoyable activities

  • Sleep disturbances

  • Insomnia

  • Angry outbursts


Psychotherapy and medications can help to treat depression. Primary doctors or psychiatrists can prescribe some medicines to patients that can reduce anxiety caused due to depression.

A hospital stay can also be needed if conditions are worse.


Dementia is a general term for impaired ability to remember, think, or make decisions that interfere with everyday activities. It is not a specific disease. Adults are affected mainly by Dementia. But most old people live their lives without developing dementia. A person starts to forget about things, like struggling to find some words but can't remember them.


Some symptoms of dementia are as follows:

  • Memory problem

  • Communication problem

  • Attention problem

  • Reasoning, judgment and problem-solving

  • Not being able to complete work

  • Not being able to remember words


Alzheimer's disease is a type of dementia, and there is no treatment for it. Its treatment depends on the underlying cause. Some medications are given to patients that protect the brain or manage behavioural changes.

Mental health is an essential and significant part of a healthy lifestyle. A person having not-so-good mental health can't enjoy life. The daily activities of a person having bad mental health are badly affected. Taking care of it and spreading awareness about mental health is very important.

I hope you all like it. Kindly let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

Lots of love!


Can bad mental health be treated naturally?

Yes, it can be treated naturally. Having a good sleep cycle, a good appetite, and an interest in doing activities can cure bad mental health naturally. But it is good to seek help from professionals.

What is the leading cause of mental health disorders?

Childhood trauma, drug abuse or neglect are the leading causes of mental health disorders.

Is mental health permanent?

No, it is not permanent. It happens more often. If treated at a very early age, it can be cured permanently.

Top Stories

bottom of page