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Depression its Kinds, Symptoms and Treatments

Here we will describe its kinds, symptoms, and treatments. So without any further do, let's get into it.

It is human nature to feel low in a while, which is entirely normal. But having a continuous feeling of sadness disturbing your daily life is not an everyday thing. It is clinical depression. It is a situation where one can get treatment by consulting a doctor and taking medications.

Not feeling good for no reason and getting affected by it can destroy mental health and lead to depression. So basically, depression is a continuous feeling of sadness.

It is a mental health issue and can affect your daily lifestyle. Without any treatment, it can worsen and lead to suicidal thoughts. The patient can harm themselves because of the persistent feeling of sadness.

Kinds of Depression

A large number of kinds of depression exist. Some of the essential kinds of depression are as follows:

  • Major Depression

  • Psychotic Depression

  • Persistent Depressive Disorder

  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Depression

  • Seasonal Affective Disorder

Major Depression

When you feel depressed, most of the time, this is major depression. Feeling depressed for most days of the week is a major depressive disorder. Feeling sad, tense, or restless can severely affect the person's daily lifestyle and mental health. The person often feels anxious and can not concentrate on anything.

Major depression varies from person to person. It looks different to different people. The patient loses interest in everything and might lose control as well. Melancholy is also a type of major depression. A person also feels the worst. The patient also feels uneasy most of the time and acts impulsively.


The symptoms of Major depression vary from person to person. Some significant symptoms of Major depression are as follows:

  • Weight changes (Loss or Gain)

  • Loss of interest in many things

  • Fatigue

  • Loss of pleasure

  • Getting tired without doing any work

  • Suicidal thoughts

  • Feeling restless physically and mentally

  • Problem in sleeping

  • Feeling down for no reason

  • Talking more than usual

  • Acting impulsively


Seeing or consulting a doctor is the best thing one can do. Talk therapy is majorly used for the treatment of major depression. Medications known as Antidepressants are given to patients and can also be helpful. These medicines reduce brain activity and relax it. If talk therapy and medications are not working, doctors suggest the following options to patients.

  1. Transcranial magnetic stimulation

  2. Electroconvulsive therapy

  3. Vagus Nerve stimulation

All these options are designed to stimulate brain activity, and it helps to control your mood better.

Psychotic Depression

Psychotic Depression is basically just like Major depression, but patients feel the symptoms of Psychotic depression along with the symptoms of Major depression. They were seeing or hearing the things that are not real or that have no existence. People with this disorder are most likely to believe that others will harm them for no reason. These patients have false beliefs, and patients get anxious most of the time.


Some significant symptoms of Psychotic depression are as follows:


  • Paranoia

  • Delusions

The patients are most likely to have these symptoms. Persons with this type of depression always have false beliefs and think others will harm them. These patients usually hear and see things that don't exist in reality.


As the patient feels the symptoms of Major depression, it can also be treated through talk therapy. But if it gets worse, then seeing a doctor is the best thing one can do. Like major depression, Antidepressants are given to patients, which relaxes the brain and its activities. Additionally, Antipsychotic drugs are also given to patients to treat psychotic depression. Another option can be Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).

Persistent Depressive Disorder

Persistent means are continuous. Persistent depressive disorder means depression lasting more than a year or two. If you have had depression for the last one or two years, then it is called a persistent depressive disorder. Usually, two types of conditions are described in this. These two types are Dysthymia and chronic major depression. This depressive disorder also severely affects a person's daily lifestyle, like eating and sleeping.


Some significant symptoms of persistent depressive disorder are as follows:

  • The disturbance is the sleep cycle

  • Change in appetite (overeating or eating less)

  • Fatigue

  • Loss of energy without doing any work

  • Facing difficulty in concentrating

  • Continuously feeling hopeless

  • Low self-esteem


Seeing a psychiatrist is a good option for treating persistent depressive disorder. Patients with this disorder are treated with psychotherapy. Many different medications are also given to the patients for recovery, and maybe a combination of both of them in case of severe depression.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Depression

Premenstrual Dysphoric depression is primarily found in women. Women with PMDD have depression and other anxiety feelings at the start of their periods. We all know that mood swings are normal during periods and pregnancy. Most the women go into this depression at the starting days of their periods.


Some significant symptoms of Premenstrual Dysphoric depression are as follows:

  • Anxiety

  • Irritability

  • Fatigue

  • Mood swings

  • Facing problems in concentrating

  • Changes in the sleep cycle

  • Change in appetite

  • A feeling of being overwhelmed


Antidepressants are given to patients with premenstrual Dysphoric depression for treatment. Apart from this, Oral Contraceptives can also treat PMDD.

Seasonal Affective Disorder

Seasonal Affective Disorder is basically a period of significant depression. It happens mostly in winter because of not getting sunlight properly. In winter, days go short, and we can't get enough sunlight, which can result in fatigue and loss of body energy. Our body gets less and less energy, and due to this, people become patients of this disorder. It goes away in spring and Summer.


Some significant symptoms of the seasonal affective disorder are as follows:

  • Feeling low

  • Fatigue

  • Loss of appetite

  • Loss of interest

  • Feeling agitated

  • Feeling of hopelessness

  • Feeling worthless

  • Facing difficulty in concentrating


If you have Seasonal affective disorder, then antidepressants can help. These relax the brain activities and also relaxes the body. Light therapy is also used to treat seasonal affective disorder. In front of a special bright light box, patients have to sit for around 15-30 minutes each day.

As we all know, many people commit suicide just because of depression. It has become a significant issue around the world. Many organizations have talked about it. So, in addition to this, we have mentioned some essential types of Depression, their kinds, symptoms, and treatments above. So you can get information from it about depression.

And if you have had depression for more than a year, you should consult a doctor.

I hope you all like it. Kindly let me know your thoughts in the comment section below.

Lots of blessings!


Can depression be treated naturally without any treatment?

Yes! Minor depression can be treated at home naturally with the help of talk therapy. Otherwise, in case of severe depression, you should always consult a doctor and should take medications for it.

What are the types of major depression?

Some types of major depression are melancholia, Antenatal, or postnatal.

What is the most significant type of depression?

Clinical depression is the best and most extensive type of Depression. It is a severe form of depression. It is also known as Major Depression.

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